100 years Bauhaus
Friday, May 1, 2020

100 years Bauhaus

The State Bauhaus, now usually just Bauhaus, was an art school founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar in 1919. By its nature and conception, it was something completely new at the time, as the Bauhaus represented a merging of art and craft. Today, the historic Bauhaus represents the most influential educational institution in the field of architecture, art and design in the 20th century. The Bauhaus existed concurrently with and during the Weimar Republic from 1919 to 1933 and is now considered worldwide to be the home of the Avant-garde of Classical Modernism in all fields of liberal and applied arts and architecture. The resonance of the Bauhaus continues to this day and significantly shapes the image of modernist movements.

Bauhaus foundation

The Bauhaus was founded in Weimar by uniting the Grand Ducal Saxon School of Art Weimar with the Grand Ducal Saxon School of Applied Arts Weimar, founded in 1907 by Henry van de Velde . It became the direct precursor of the Bauhaus, which then began its work in van de Velde's school buildings. In 1925 the move to Dessau took place - from 1926 in the building of the Bauhaus Dessau. In 1932, the Bauhaus had to move to Berlin; In 1933 it was closed.

Influence of Bauhaus

The influence of the Bauhaus was so significant that colloquially the term Bauhaus is often equated with modernism in architecture and design. In terms of art history, however, it is problematic to view the so-called Bauhaus style and developments in Germany in isolation and to use Bauhaus as a style term, as an architectural style or furniture style. The designs and works of teachers and students at the Bauhaus are therefore seen as part of transnational, longer-term currents and classified under terms such as Functionalism, Classical Modernism, New Objectivity, International Style, New Building.

In the Bauhaus, the traditionally separate fields of fine arts, applied arts, and performing arts were combined on the Concept basis, which in turn had a strong impact on painting, performing arts and music.

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