The RMS Titanic was a passenger ship of the British shipping company White Star Line. She was built in Belfast at the Harland & Wolff shipyard and was the largest ship in the world when she entered service on April 2, 1912. The second of three Olympic-class steamers, she was intended, like her two sister ships Olympic and Britannic, for North Atlantic liner service on the Southampton-Cherbourg-Queenstown-New York, New York-Plymouth-Cherbourg-Southampton route and was to set new standards in travel comfort. On her maiden voyage, the Titanic collided on 14 April 1912 at about 23:40 o'clock about 300 nautical miles southeast of Newfoundland sided with an iceberg and sank two hours and 40 minutes later.
Although more than two hours were allowed for evacuation, 1514 of the more than 2200 on board perished - mainly because of the insufficient number of lifeboats and the crew's inexperience in handling them. Because of the high number of victims, the sinking of the Titanic is one of the greatest and most famous disasters of seafaring. The sinking prompted numerous measures to improve safety at sea. On November 12, 1913, a conference was convened to create a minimum international standard for safety on merchant ships. The result of this conference was the first version of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea in 1914. This included the adequate provision of lifeboats, manning of radio stations around the clock, and the establishment of the International Ice Patrol.
The Titanic is one of the most famous ships in history because of the circumstances associated with its sinking. Worldwide, literature, visual arts, and film and television continue to focus on the events of her maiden voyage and sinking to this day. The 1997 film of the same name gained special attention. Her name stands for serious disasters as well as the uncontrollability of nature through technical achievements.